GIRLS WITH AUTISM
Is there a difference between boys and girls in terms of autism rates?
There is a difference between boys and girls in terms of autism rates. Historically, Autism is diagnosed in males 4 times the rate diagnosed in females. According to research, males with ASD exhibited severe autistic symptoms.
Why are males diagnosed with autism earlier than females?
Males with Autism tend to have more severe symptoms and greater impairments in functioning than females with Autism. This may make their symptoms more noticeable and easier to identify, leading to earlier diagnosis. Despite the causes of Autism, the aggression of males makes them more easily stand out in terms of being diagnosed with Autism.
Another reason may be that females with Autism may be more likely to have subtle or atypical symptoms, which may be more difficult to recognize. This can lead to delays in diagnosis and a tendency to overlook or misdiagnose Autism in females.
What are some more commonly found symptoms in autistic females?
Females with autism have more subtle symptoms that are more difficult to recognize. Female patients with Autism often apply “Masking” making it more difficult to diagnose their autism earlier. Females with Autism also have a higher co-occurring psychiatric condition, such as anxiety or depression.
What is masking in terms of autism?
“Masking” refers to the process of adapting or adjusting one’s behaviors in order to fit in or conform to social norms. Some individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may use masking strategies in order to appear more neurotypical (having typical social and communication abilities) or to fit in with their peers. This might involve imitating the behaviors or mannerisms of others, suppressing their own feelings or emotions, or using other coping strategies to manage their social interactions.
Masking can be a way for individuals with ASD to cope with the social challenges they face, but it can also be emotionally and cognitively taxing, and can result in feelings of exhaustion or distress. It is important to recognize that individuals with ASD are unique and may have different coping strategies, and that masking should not be viewed as a “cure” for ASD or as a replacement for supportive interventions and accommodations.
Why might an autistic person try to mask their symptoms?
People with Autism mask their symptoms to fit in with their peers. Many individuals with Autism may feel like they are “different” from their peers and may try to hide their symptoms in order to fit in and avoid being ostracized or misunderstood. Often times people with Autism with to avoid the stigma associated with it. They may try to mask their symptoms in order to avoid being labelled or discriminated against.
Masking is also a useful coping strategy to cope with the social challenges they face. By imitating the behaviors or mannerisms of others, they may be able to navigate social situations more effectively. Masking can also serve as a way to not become overwhelmed.
How does masking affect people with Autism?
Masking can help individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder cope with social challenges and navigate social situations more effectively. It can also help them avoid stigma or discrimination, and may allow them to participate more fully in their communities. Masking can also have negative effects on individuals with ASD. It can be emotionally and cognitively taxing, and can result in feelings of exhaustion or distress. It can also lead to feelings of frustration or anger, as individuals with ASD may feel like they have to constantly hide their true selves in order to fit in.
Masking can also have negative impacts on an individual’s relationships and sense of self. By hiding their symptoms, individuals with ASD may feel like they are unable to be their authentic selves, which can lead to feelings of isolation or disconnection.
What causes misdiagnosis/late diagnosis of autism in women?
There exist stereotypes and biases that Autism is a “male disorder.” This bias can make Autism diagnosis get missed in girls. There is also a more subtle and atypical presentation in females of Autism than males. Often times women with Autism are more adept at “masking” to make up for their social skills deficit. It is important to note that other problems can result in similar symptoms of social inattention, including Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder.
What are the kinds of difficulties faced by patients with Autism?
Individuals with autism face difficulties in communication. About 25% of individuals with autism have no spoken language at all. Individuals with autism often understand language literally and have problems understanding and using the natural rhythm in conversation, leading to frequent misunderstandings. Autistic people also display restrictive behaviors in the form of resistance to changes in routine. Hitting the head and biting oneself are examples of self-injurious repetitive behaviors seen in a third of autistic children on the spectrum. Autistic patient may also struggle with eating disorders due to sensory issues or missing social cues about eating times.